Chaldean Timeline                         

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- A) King Nabopolassar Begins the Chaldean Kingdom (612 BC)
- B) King Nebuchadnezzar II  comes to power (Nabopolassar's son) 605 BC
- C) Nebuchadnezzar II conquered Judah and Phoenicians (586 BC)
- D) Death of Nebuchadnezzar II (562 BC)
- E) Nebuchadnezzar II dies, Nabonidus comes to power a year later (562 BC)
- F) Cyrus the Great of Persia comes to power (539BC)  
     
    A                      B                C                         D                            E                 F                                                                                                                                        
    ^____________^________^_____________^______________^___________________^      612 BC                                                                                                                                                    539 BC

                                     Napopolassar and Beginings

        The timeline above is a briefed version of the Chaldean period. The Chaldeans warred with the Assyyrian kings Sargon II, Sennacherib, Esarhaddon, and Ashurbanipal. When the last king had been slain, a Assyyrian governer, who was originally Chaldean revolted and established the Chaldean Empire in Babylonia. This was none other than Nabopolassar, who began his reign in 612 BC. The city was in shambles, due to previous wars, and the current king did little to remedy this. He was remembered most for his relationship with the Jews which he conquered and forced into slavery several times. When he died in in 605 BC, his son Nebuchadnezzar II took over.

                                  Nebuchadnezzar II and Reformation

         This king reformed the empire, he built roads, temples and walls. One of his most famous contribuations was the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, which he built for his wife. The gardens were so beautiful, the were named one of the seven wonders of the world.
Nebuchadnezzar II was also a great warrior and strategist. He regeined over Syria, Mesopotamia, Lebanon, Palestine, Arabia, and even Egypt. He conquered Judah and the Phoenicians. The Chaldeans controlled large portion of Asia. After Nebuchadnezzar II died in 562 BC, several minor kings came to power.
                                

                                 This is a visualation of what the Hanging Gardens of Babylon might have looked like. Although this wonder was lost, through the eyes of our ancesters we have created a vision of what it might have looked like.

                                   
Nabonidus and the Fall of Chaldea

          The last major character in the Chaldean tale is Nabonidus, a chaldean king loyal to the Assyrian way of life. He placed the Assyrian Moon God, Sin, above the traditional god, Marduk. Murduk symbolized the culture and city itself, he seemingly controlled most matters in the peasants' lives.  After this change the conservative priests rebelled, welcoming the Persians into their city. Cyrus the Great of Persia conquered the city.This was the end of the great Chaldean empire.